Today, in almost every large city, police work is now under the supervision of the local administrative department. Smaller cities and towns are beginning to follow this same trend in their employment practices as well. Where civil service appointments are made, job applicants must pass the required age and other areas of physical condition. The age limit shall not go beyond thirty-five years old. Candidates are expected to have a normal and sufficient vision, as well as excellent hearing, and their weight must be in proportion to their height for both male and female applicants. Most regulations restrict applicants to those who are citizens of the country. Civil service appointments usually require written tests that are designed and general aptitude for police work. The physical examinations that are also required usually include tests of physical agility, quickness, and strength. Very frequently the candidate’s personal history is given close scrutiny as well as his or her character references and personality traits.
To acquire a type of security employment in police work, some of the units of the police department today require that the applicant reach a required level of education, especially college degree holders. In some cases, depending on the job, some college trainings are required. College training and special course training may also be required by large city police departments where applicants will do specialized work. An increasing number of colleges offer a specified number of classes in policeman’s works, as well as the police administration. Hundreds of junior colleges and universities offer courses in law enforcement. High school students who desire to acquire this type of job may deal the subject of English, legal business, mathematical fields, history, psychology, sociology, and physics are most helpful. Since good health is significant in this job, sports area and physical education-fields are also of great value. There are now police forces that require candidates to be college graduates for some or most of the advanced positions. Generally, the over-all health of the prospect-applicant to become a policeman is the main factor for their qualification. Mental, physical, emotional and psychological features of the individual, with commitment to serve the people, have a bigger weight when it comes to considerations.
To master the skills of jobs in security, new prospects usually are given a period of special training once they have received an appointment to their job, which must be completed before actual job assignments are given. This training, usually known as a probationary trial period, may last a certain period of time. In a little town and certain community, such training may be given a work with an experience-officer. Larger city police agencies or offices usually also provide classroom instructions about legal knowledge, investigatory cases on accidents, ordinance, traffic control, and so forth. These departments generally instruct the use of firearms, procedures in apprehending and arresting violators, the art of self defense and techniques, as well as the first-aid skills. Physical fitness training may be a required and continued activity in most police departments, as well as routine physical examinations.
Depending upon the type of assignment given to police personnel, and part of their security careers, their work can expose them to many unpleasant duties. They may be called to deal with people under all types of circumstances. The public with who they are in contact in performing their duties may be under emotional stresses causing them to react with anger. Police work demands emotional stability of the person performing the job duties, as well as the ability to think clearly and act rationally under all types of circumstances. Police officers generally wear special gear and are required to carry tools such as guns, flashlights, handcuffs, and police whistles.
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